The Preakness, Molly and Tenbrooks: The Art of Fiction

My colleague and friend, also professor and author (Hurry Up and Relax), Nathan Leslie expressed concern this week that the Preakness Stakes would have to be run in hot weather. Nathan’s a Marylander, and the Preakness is a Baltimore race, which comes up two short weeks after the Kentucky Derby. The weather for yesterday’s running was predicted to be in the mid to upper 90s, hot for the horses as well as the jockeys and other humans involved in racing them. Horses, I’m guessing, would rather graze and laze in the shade if left to their own devices.

Nathan expressed his concern on social media, sharing a page from YouTube featuring Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys performing what’s called “the race horse song,” a folk-ballad structured piece that recounts an actual race in 1878 between a California horse, Molly McCarty, and a Kentucky steed, Ten Broeck. I was impressed that Nathan knew of this piece, called “Molly and Tenbrooks,” though it was familiar to me. Back in the folky 1970s I had gotten into things rural and Virginian, like vegetable gardening, using a cider press (results out of this world), and bluegrass music, aided and abetted by the programming of a local FM station, WAMU, and a neighbor who played bluegrass bass and had worked with Grandpa Jones of Grand Ole Opry fame. I’d have thought Nathan, from the themes and style of his fiction, would not have known the tradition or the Race Horse Song. But he knew even more, namely that the narrative of the song, and the event behind it, actually hinge on racing in hot weather. I was delighted by the aptness of his linking it up with the searing Preakness forecast.

In the olden times of the nineteenth century, horses frequently ran much longer-distance races than today, measured in miles. The big 1878 showdown race was for best two of three heats in a four-mile race, held at what is now Churchill Downs on July 4. (It’s interesting just to know that in those days a horse would be transported across the country for a race with a $5,000 winner-take-all purse, even though that prize was the equivalent of $145,000 today.) It appears that heat did take its toll, and that the race may have been decided when Ten Broeck’s jockey changed tactics. But though Molly McCarty lost the race, and was exhausted and quivering at the end, she did not die, as the song tells it, but lived and raced for several more years and bore three foals.

Ten Broeck, not Molly, got his own tombstone in KY

Indeed, Nathan’s concern about heat was justified yesterday, when the temperature at Pimlico peaked in the mid-90s and was still 89 at post time (7:01 p.m.) yesterday. Not only did the weather shape the Post headline (“Early Voting scorches in Preakness”), but Dave Sheinin’s narrative waxed positively poetic. He wrote

A teeming crowd, invited back to Pimlico Race Course at full strength for the first time since before the pandemic, was treated to that singular, dreaded phenomenon: the sweltering, face-melting Baltimore summer day, albeit in mid-May.

And later he added

Years from now, more than the sight of the nine horses coming around the final turn or Early Voting’s strong finishing kick, those in attendance Saturday probably will remember the suffocating heat, which turned most living things on the premises, human or equine, into heaving, sweat-dripping puddles. Temperatures were already in the low 90s by midafternoon, topping out at 95 just after 3 p.m., and still sat at a balmy 88 at post time just after 7 p.m. Far beyond the backstretch, the skyline of Charm City shimmered in a thin, amber haze.

Early Voting at epicenter of overheated race

Positively eloquent. But I’m not sure it’s as good as the song “Molly and Tenbrooks,” which has the horses talking back and forth mid-race about the anguish of the heat:

Tenbrooks said to Molly, “what makes your head so red?”
“Runnin’ in the hot sun puts fever in my head.”

Molly said to Tenbrooks, “You’re lookin’ mighty squirrel.”
Tenbrooks said to Molly, “I’m a-leavin’ this old world.”

It’s to be remembered that Molly was leading the race early on, and the heat obviously was hard on them both. As the song reminds us rather laconically, Tenbrooks was suffering too at the end:

Go and catch old Tenbrooks and hitch him in the shade.
We’re gonna bury old Molly in a coffin ready-made.

What I see here is the difference between journalism and art. Dave Sheinin, the reporter, evokes eloquently what it was like at Pimlico yesterday. The Race Horse Song’s nameless artist entertains us with the fantasy of equine conversation (“Lookin’ mighty squirrel” uses that last word in a way that’s never exactly been seen elsewhere, adding a little mystery, a hint of special horse dialect maybe?) and melodramatic hyperbole, not just burying a dead racehorse in a coffin, but in one “ready made” by smug Kentucky partisans who knew Ten Broeck would win.

“The truest poetry,” a Shakespeare character once said, “is the most feigning.” And for evoking the spirit of a heated horse race, the most entertaining.

© Arnold Bradford, 2022

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I Got the Horse Right Here

My sister-in-law and her husband, Anne and Henry, good friends of ours, have made a tradition of watching the Kentucky Derby.  Though Anne is quite a naturalist, and loves all animals, neither of them is a sports fan.  But the Derby is nothing if not a social event, ripe with fashion, display, and partying.   So our friends make their mint juleps, and then hunker down for the hour of televised pre-race ritual, and absorb the quick 2 minute, 2 second-long race.

I’ve never been much of a fan of animal racing, partly because it’s all so closely connected to gambling, and I was raised in a strong anti-gambling environment.  In those days as now, much of the quotidian horse-racing action took place in the environs of New York City, Los Angeles, and Florida.  We had local tracks in Massachusetts, as well as lots of greyhound racing (I liked to ask my cousin who owned “rescue” racing greyhounds if they ran around the house counterclockwise when she let them out).    Kentucky, of course, had the one big Derby race dating back to 1875 in one form or another.

My image of racing was shaped by fictions and folklore: the Bill Monroe bluegrass song about an epic race between a California horse and a Tennessee horse, “”Molly and Tenbrooks”;  the comic Spike Jones “William Tell Overture,” at the climax of which a frenetic horse race (briefly interrupted by a Joe Louis prize fight) is won by the 20 to 1 longshot, Feetlebaum; and the Frank Loesser musical Guys and Dolls (1955), with its bumptious “Fugue for Tinhorns” (“I got the horse right here / The name is Paul Revere / And here’s a guy who says that when the weather’s clear / Can do, . . .”).  On top of that was one of my very favorite films of all time, The Sting, in which a crooked gambler is duped in an elaborate retaliatory scam involving betting on horse racing.  So to me horse racing is kind of an absurd, sentimental piece of Americana that in real life attracts low-life, irresponsible petty criminals to it.

Despite all that, I actually ended up watching the Kentucky Derby this year, mostly because my wife wanted to listen to a bit more opera after our weekly Zoom virtual cocktails with Anne and Henry.  Needless to say, it was most entertaining.  Since I saw the pre-race interviews and the process of putting the horses into the starting gate, I had gained a clear sense of the colors of the favorites, and also the story of the 80-1 long-shot Rich Strike, who wasn’t even in the race until the scratch on Friday morning.  But I also learned what his colors were.

Rich Strike (right) in the “Hole,” about to take the lead

As for the race itself, I was aided in understanding what I was watching by the many bike races I’ve watched on video.  The view of the home stretch at the Derby was taken from much the same angle as a cycling sprint finish, looking back at the onrushing leaders from beyond the finish line with a long telephoto lens.  In a sprint, a cyclist needs a “good line.”  A “hole,” or an opening into which the sprinter can move, has to open up, or they’re blocked out.  At the start of the Derby, the jockey had immediately gotten Rich Strike more to the inside, in the trailing group of horses.  Rounding the last turn, still pretty far back, he maneuvered farther in to the rail.  I saw a huge space open in front of him, with the two leaders duking it out slightly nearer the center of the track.  All he had to do was move slightly to his right to pass one horse and he would be in the clear.  I thought “he’s got a hole open if he’s fast enough to go through it.”  And in that instant he found a “gear” that had eluded all the other horses.  It was obvious from the rate at which he was closing and the distance to the line that he’d win if he kept that pace.  And he did!

My experience as a video spectator of that race was wonderful.  All that hoopla and analysis, and some nag who wasn’t even supposed to be in the Derby stole it away from all the fancy-dan favorites.  Just sheer, wonderful, sports-fan amusement.  I sure feel sorry for the local businessman who put a big chunk of money on the favorite Epicenter to win right before the race began.  And I’d love to know who won the most money betting on Rich Strike, and how much.  It was also interesting to see how wound up Rich Strike was after he won.  They couldn’t get him under real control for several minutes. And equally, the owner, trainer, and jockey were, for all their elation at the victory, obviously as surprised and amazed as everybody else.

Now we learn that Rich Strike will not compete in the Preakness, the upcoming second race in the so-called “Triple Crown” of horse-racing.  Probably a good move.  Assess the real strength of the animal, and don’t allow him to be redefined immediately as what he probably is: a competitive but fairly ordinary horse who had a convergence of the right conditioning, the right jockey, and the right race situation to win on that one perfect Derby day.

©Arnold Bradford, 2022